This is a very simple function of WavelengthPro, using the luminance of one image and the hue/saturation of another. All it does is convert from RGB-space to HSL-space then use the L value (lightness) of a different image. In the table below I use a visible light image and an ultraviolet image (I got them from here) and map them in two ways. The first is not a Luminance map, but a GBU map the next is a luminance map which keeps the colours of the visible light and shows them at the lightness of the ultraviolet image.
Visible image: can’t see the graffiti well.
Ultraviolet image: shows up the graffiti well.
GBU map: quite a nice colour palette and shows the graffiti quite well.
Luminance map: has a “Human hue” whilst showing up the graffiti really well.
It is great for showing the ultraviolet characteristics of light whilst keeping the ‘true-colour’ feel that we’ve evolved to love. This idea isn’t new though, nightvision sometimes incorporates visible and thermal bands fused together and computer vision sometimes needs more than visible colour data to interpret a scene. One (less scientific) use is to make thermal imaging look a bit more lovely. Below is a visible image, thermal image and the Luminance map (I got them from here):
This post is to show one of the features of WavelengthPro, some photography software I’m writing at the moment. It’s in early stages at the moment, I hope to add a lot more.
Channel Map Templates
I plan on having a basic and advanced way of mixing channels, so far I’ve done the basic version where you choose template maps. The advanced version will use percent sliders of every channel for every channel just like in Photoshop or GIMP etc. Below is a table showing the three starting images (all taken on a full-spec D70 using 720nm, Hoya UV/IR cut and Baader-U filters) and some of the possible mixtures using the program.
For ages I have wanted to do full-spectrum photography, which captures light from Infrared (IR) all the way to ultraviolet (UV), but the UV aspect of it is bloody expensive! DSLR sensors, both CCD and CMOS, capture light slightly outside the visible spectrum (VIS) but use things like hot mirrors and UV filters to narrow the band closer to 390-700nm. The sensors use channeling methods like a Bayer filter to give us the very useful RGB channels, in this post we will work with extra channels for IR and UV.
I am always looking for cheap alternatives for UV and I thought I’d test out a bit of a long shot – using a UV filter to maths my way to a UV image. To do this I bought a daylight simulating bulb that emits UVA (400-315nm) and some flowers from the local gas station. It’s a simple idea, the extra light that the UV filter blocks must be UV light so if we subtract all the other light we are left with UV.
No Filter – UV Filter = UV ResidueI subtracted each colour separately for each pixel: [r1-r2,g1-g2,b1-b2], it was rather red so I used the red channel for the new R,G and B making a brighter grayscaled image (see below). Then I used that new “UV” image along with the colour image to map channels [GBU to RGB] like the images Infrachrome makes using this technique. For infrared and ultraviolet he uses an adapted camera specifically for full-spectrum, infact he uses two in a fantastical and magical set up. Unfortunately mine didn’t work very well, my first guess was that the lower range of blue light being reflected as there is no sign of a nectar guide. But after consulting a pro UV photographer I was told it is due to infrared-leakage.
I thought I’d do a full spectrum map whilst I had the camera set up so I put on a 950nm IR pass filter and took another shot. In the above image the far right is the channel map of the other three.